David A. Reid
Building & Room:
1007 W. Harrison Street
My research investigates the development of complex societies in the Andes, namely the expansion of one of the earliest empires in the Americas: the Wari of the Ayacucho highlands, whose material culture and influence spread across much of Peru during the Middle Horizon (600-1000 C.E.). I approach this phenomenon through the investigation of infrastructure, specifically Middle Horizon roads and associated caravan waystations between the Ocoña and Majes Valleys of southern Peru. This research includes GIS modeling of mobility routes, satellite-imagery and UAV remote sensing, and traditional archaeological survey and excavation. With funding provided by The Wenner-Gren Foundation, NSF, and the American Philosophical Society, I directed excavations of a newly discovered Wari enclave and ceremonial center for my dissertation research.
As a subsequent Armour Graduate Fellow at The Field Museum of Natural History and Dean's Fellow at the University of Illinois at Chicago, I have also developed an archaeological materials project that uses geochemical composition analyses to trace the movement of exotic materials such as obsidian, metals, and ceramics to better reconstruct ancient Andean political-economies. Using social network analysis (SNA), I hope to better identify patterns within the “big data” that methods such as P-XRF and LA-ICP-MS can provide. This includes analyses of materials recovered from my excavations as well as museum collections including those from South America and Mesopotamia (Kish).
My work has focused on Wari and Inca political economy (Reid et al. in press; Sandweiss and Reid 2016) and the role of ritual and myth in state power (Bauer and Reid 2015), as well as the first human settlement of high-elevation environments of the Americas (coauthored with Rademaker et al. 2012, 2014, 2016).
National Science Foundation, Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Award: "Roads, Caravans, and Waystations: The Role of Infrastructure in Wari State Expansion (Arequipa, Peru).", Principal Investigator
Wenner-Gren Foundation, Dissertation Fieldwork Grant: “Roads, Waystations, and Llama Caravans: The Political-Economy of Wari State Expansion in Southern Peru.”, Principal Investigator
American Philosophical Society, Lewis and Clark Award: “Exploration of Desert Roads and Prehistoric Waystations: Mapping Wari State Expansion in the Majes-Ocoña Valleys, Southern Peru (AD 600-1000).”, Principal Investigator
Sigma Xi, Grants in Aid of Research Award: “The Callanga Site: Dating a Lost Prehistoric City in the Southern Andes.”, Principal Investigator
The Field Museum of Natural History, Anthropology Alliance Summer Fieldwork Internship, Intern
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chancellor's Fellowship for Graduate Research: “Geoarchaeological Investigations of the Ocoña Valley, Southern Peru: Prehistoric State Expansion during the Middle Horizon (AD 600-1000).”, Principal Investigator
University of Illinois at Chicago, Provost Award: “Desert Roads and Waystations: Prehistoric State Expansion in Southern Peru during the Middle Horizon (A.D. 600-1000).”, Principal Investigator
D.A. Reid, B.S. Bauer, J. Fonseca Santa Cruz, and J.C. Sierra Palomino (In Press)
The Bronze Objects from the Wari Site of Espíritu Pampa. In The Lord of Vilcabamba and the Wari Enclave of Espíritu Pampa, edited by B.S. Bauer. Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press.
J. Jennings and D.A. Reid (In Press)
Wari in Arequipa. In Quilcapampa: A Wari Enclave in Southern Peru. Edited by J. Jennings, W.A. Yepez, and S. Bautista. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
Sandweiss, D.H. and D.A. Reid (2016)
Negotiated Subjugation: Maritime Trade and the Incorporation of Chincha into the Inca Empire. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 11(3):311-325.
Rademaker, K., G. Hodgins, K. Moore, S. Zarrillo, C. Miller, G.R.M. Bromley, P. Leach, D.A. Reid, W. Yépez–Álvarez, and D.H. Sandweiss (2016)
Response to Capriles et al.: Chronology and function of Cuncaicha rockshelter, a key site for understanding colonization of the high Andes. Current Anthropology 57(1):101-103.
Bauer, B.S. and D.A. Reid (2015)
The Situa Ritual of the Inca: Metaphor and Performance of the State. In Perspectives on the Inca, M. Barnes, I. de Castro, J. Flores Espinoza, D. Kurella, and K. Noack (eds.), pp. 104-123. Stuttgart: Linden-Museum, Sonderband/Tribus.
Rademaker, K., G. Hodgins, K. Moore, S. Zarrillo, C. Miller, G.R.M. Bromley, P. Leach, D.A. Reid, W. Yépez–Álvarez, and D.H. Sandweiss (2014)
Paleoindian Settlement of the High-Altitude Peruvian Andes. Science 346(6208): 466-469.
Rademaker, K., D.A. Reid, and G.R.M. Bromley (2012)
Connecting the Dots: Least-Cost Path Modeling, Paleogeography, and the Search for Paleoindian Sites in Southern Highland Peru. In Least Cost Analysis of Social Landscapes: Archaeological Case Studies for Beginners and Experts Alike, White, D.A. and S.L. Surface-Evans (eds.), pp. 32-45. University of Utah Press.
Sandweiss, D.H., A.R. Kelley, D.F. Belknap, J.T. Kelley, K. Rademaker, and D.A. Reid (2009)
GPR Identification of an Early Monument at Los Morteros in the Peruvian Coastal Desert. Quaternary Research 73: 439-448.
2019, Dean's Scholar Fellowship, University of Illinois at Chicago
2018, Armour Graduate Student Fellowship, The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
2015-present, Ph.D. Candidate, Anthropology, University of Illinois at Chicago
2014, M.A., Anthropology, University of Illinois at Chicago
2007, B.A., Anthropology, University of Maine
2020 Reid, D.A.
Reconstructing Middle Horizon Exchange Systems through Geochemical Provenance and Network Analysis. Paper presented at the 48th Annual Midwest Conference on Andean and Amazonian Archaeology and Ethnohistory, East Lansing, MI.
2019 Reid, D.A., K.L. Ricci Jara, V. Rosales Hilario, M.F. Vizcarra Zanabria
Wari State Expansion and Middle Horizon Roads in the Majes-Chuquibamba Region, Southern Peru. Poster presented at the 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM.
2018 Reid, D.A and W. Ridge
Obsidian Procurement and Exchange in Peru: A Social Network Analysis (SNA). Poster presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.
2018 Reid, D.A.
Wari Roads in southern Peru? Recent investigations of Middle Horizon waystations in Arequipa. The 46th Annual Midwest Conference on Andean and Amazonian Archaeology and Ethnohistory, Chicago, Illinois.
2017 Reid, D.A., P.R. Williams, and D. Nash
The Role of Infrastructure in Wari State-Making in Southern Peru. Paper presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, BC.
2016 Reid, D.A.
Road Networks of Southern Peru: Connecting Landscapes of Colonialism. Paper presented at the 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, FL.
2015 Reid, D.A.
Rock Art and Prehistoric Roads: The Connection in Southern Peru. Paper presented at the 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, CA.